Our First Take Time.

Friday the 13th is a pretty auspicious day for Garden Path Fermentation.

On Friday, April 13, 2018, we opened our tasting room to the public for the first time.

On Friday, July 13, 2018, we served our first house-made beer.

And today, Friday, December 13, 2019, we’re releasing two new beers.  Yesterday, we announced the release of Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo Buffalo.  Today, we’re very pleased to present Our First Take Time.—our very first batch at Garden Path Fermentation, brewed back in the spring of 2018, shortly before we opened our doors.


Starting our brewery, particularly the site search, took…longer than we’d expected. The one good thing about the time it took, though, was that we—mostly our first Lead Fermentationist, Jason Hansen—had time to develop and cultivate the native yeast culture that we continue to use today. The culture started with mason jars of wort, many of which we inoculated with flowers foraged from locations throughout Skagit Valley, and then left to ferment in Ron and Amber’s kitchen. Many, many mason jars and not a huge kitchen. Some of the samples didn’t do much. Others developed flavors and aromas that we knew we definitely didn’t want in our beer!  But over time, a few of the samples showed signs of healthy fermentation, and we selected those that we felt smelled and tasted best. Over the course of a year prior to our opening, Jason combined them and then continued to prop up the yeast, supplement it with other local native strains, and keep the culture happy and alive–all through sensory cultivation. To this day, we have never isolated any individual strains within our culture, and we have never purchased yeast from a lab.


Flowers for yeast cultivation, 4/7/2017


While we continued to search for and later build out our site, Jason, besides helping us with that process, was busy brewing small 5-10 gallon pilot batches using our yeast and all the malt varieties that Skagit Valley Malting had to offer at that time. In part, he was trying to gauge which varieties worked best with the character of our yeast; in part, he was working to grow the culture to be able to ferment an entire production-scale batch of beer. This may have been the one blessing of our long site search and buildout process: by the time we were able to brew, our yeast was also ready.

IMG_0713 2

Our first brew day, March 2018

In early spring of 2018, we all gathered at Chuckanut Brewery’s South Nut location (where we continue to make our wort) for our very first brew day. We started with a half batch—10 barrels (310 gallons)—which was still a large leap for our yeast culture. The beer was brewed with SVM Copeland Dark malt, locally grown raw wheat, PNW Goldings hops, and what our brew log references as “Yeast: carboy slurry Gen 1.” For reference, we’re now closing in on generation 70 of what began as that culture.

Our foudres weren’t ready to use yet, so the beer was open-fermented in a 350 gallon stainless steel tote.  After primary fermentation, it was transferred to two 600L oak puncheons, the first on its own and the second in combination with an equal quantity of our second batch. Four months later, we packaged a very small run—150 gallons total—from the unblended barrel. We’ve let it age in bottles ever since, and, a year and a half later, we’re ready to release it.

IMG_0866 2

Happy puncheon, April 2018

If you’re familiar with our beers and the character of our house yeast, this one will surprise you. Possibly because it’s the very first generation of yeast, possibly because of the different fermentation conditions, or more likely a combination thereof, the beer is even more gentle than one would expect, with no hints of tartness or funkiness. It’s a medium-bodied, clean beer with notes of nutmeg and clove on the nose and palate–dry and smooth with an illusion of pear-like sweetness and a touch of bitterness at the back end. It’s clearly a Garden Path beer, but a very different expression of our yeast. 

A year and a half into our project, we’re excited to share our starting point with you. While we’ve released dozens of beers since we’ve opened, this one is our origin story in a 375ml bottle.  

The artwork for the label was done in-house by Emma Young, who has so many talents that watercolor art just feels like a bonus.

This weekend’s release of Our First Take Time coincides with the bottle release of  Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo, which we announced yesterday, and follow’s last weekend’s releases of Honey Tripled Triple Ferments and Ron’s Not Bitter in 750ml bottles.  All four beers are also currently available on draft in our tasting room.


Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo.

When our tasting room opens this weekend, we will have some special bottles available for sale, and we hope you’ll be as excited about them as we are.



Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo–in bottles!

For a week last spring, we were lucky to be able to play host to Olivier Desbiens, the head brewer at Brasserie Thiriez in the small town of Esquelbecq, France. Founded by Daniel Thiriez in 1996, Thiriez is one of our favorite, and most inspirational, European farmhouse breweries—a consistent producer of beautiful, delicate, drinkable beers; (allegedly) the origin of Wyeast’s 3711 French Saison Yeast strain; and, possibly, the most influential brewery you’ve never heard of. We were extremely flattered that we might have something to teach them, and Olivier spent the week working with our Cellar Lead Sam Hutchens and our hundreds of barrels. At the end of the week, Sam and Olivier put together a blend of five barrels they selected, all of which originated from a single batch, a malty bière de garde inspired beer.


IMG_2165 2

Sam and Olivier, very serious blenders

Bière de garde, or “beer for keeping,” is an old farmhouse brewing tradition in the north of France, close to the Belgian border. Based on the seasonality of brewing ingredients and ideal fermentation temperatures, the brewing season for farmers was relatively short. Some farmhouse beers were meant to be consumed fresh and young, but a bière de garde could be kept through the winter, either in barrels or, later, in bottles to tide drinkers over until the next spring. To help with aging, these beers were typically stronger, fuller-bodied, and maltier than the thirst-quenching saisons meant to hydrate farm workers in warmer weather. It’s a style we truly love. We are not a French brewery, though, and we make no claim that what we call our “Barrel-Aged Skagitonian Bière de Garde”, is in any way exactly like what you would find or might have previously found in Northern France. Instead, it’s our riff on the style and tradition, made using our local resources and inspiration, including a variety of specialty malts from Skagit Valley Malting, Skagit-grown raw wheat, Pacific Northwest Crystal and Loral hops, and our house culture of naturally cultivated indigenous yeast. We’re especially thrilled to have had the opportunity to assemble the final blend together with Olivier, a brewer for whom we have so much admiration, from the place where bière de garde first began.



Olivier Desbiens and his partner Fanny Vanbrédune

While Olivier’s help in selecting barrels for the final blend was instrumental, we’ve consciously chosen not to use the word “collaboration” when describing it. Collaborating with other breweries can be incredibly fun, and there are many, many wonderful, talented brewers throughout the world that we love and admire and from whom we could learn a great deal. But we also want to be sure that any “collaboration” we do is a true partnership, where all parties are contributing their greatest strengths, in order to achieve something that none of the participants could have accomplished on their own. The crux of our beer-making is long-term fermentation with our house native yeast culture, and collaborating on a recipe, especially away from our brewery, doesn’t necessarily showcase what makes us unique. Working together with another brewer to select and blend barrels from our cellar is much more up our alley, and we intend to do more of this in the future, both at Garden Path and on the road. We won’t call them “collaborations,” though, unless the end product incorporates significant components from both participants or unless both were present throughout the entirety of the process. Regardless, having the opportunity to spend a week with Olivier, one of the best bière de garde brewers in the world, and to be able to incorporate his insights into this blend was truly inspirational.

Why the name? The week that Olivier visited us, our friends at Shelton Brothers Importers announced that the 2019 Shelton Brothers: The Festival—which Garden Path and Thiriez would both be attending—would take place in Buffalo, New York.  Once the announcement was made, we knew immediately what the beer we were making would have to be called.

The buffalo sentence, which is typically written with seven or eight uses of the word, is the longest complete grammatical sentence in the English language that can be formed from repeating a single word (though we later discovered that there are at least two other words that can also function the same way). If you’re curious, you can read more about its origins here. After reading this article, we realized that you can keep adding buffalo infinitely and it will still make sense, so we decided to take ours to 11! Buffalo(nian) buffalo [that] Buffalo(nian) buffalo buffalo (i.e. bully) buffalo (i.e. bully) [other] Buffalo(nian) buffalo [that] Buffalo(nian) buffalo buffalo (i.e. bully).

The beer premiered at The Festival in October, was released on draft in our tasting room and select locations throughout Western Washington shortly thereafter, and is now finally available in 750ml bottles.



Shelton Brothers: The Festival at Buffalo Central Terminal, October 4, 2019

The label art was created by Paul Marko, an old and dear friend from Buffalo who tried the beer at The Festival and felt inspired to design an obstinacy of buffalo for us.

The base beer for Buffalo… was brewed in August of 2018, with Copeland Dark Munich and NZ151 malt, malted red wheat, and raw Yecura Rojo wheat from Skagit Valley Malting, PNW Loral and Crystal hops, and our naturally cultivated native yeast culture. It was fermented in an open foudre, conditioned for two and a half months in a closed horizontal foudre, and aged an additional seven months in oak barrels. It was blended and packaged in May of 2019 and spent several more months naturally conditioning with blackberry honey in bottles and kegs. Buffalo… has notes of spice, white pepper, and stonefruit in the nose, and a malty, lightly tart palate with a hint of marmalade. We’re very proud of this beer, and we’re so happy to finally share it with you in bottles.

We’ll announce our next, very exciting, new release tomorrow!

A Big Week For New Releases at Garden Path

Last weekend, we tapped a single keg of a test batch that one of our emeritus team members, Matthew Edwards, had made, using Governor Wood cherries from the WSU orchard in Mount Vernon. Though by no means an acid bomb, “The Guvnah” had a bit more overt tartness than most of what we do here at Garden Path Fermentation, and was very well received by those who had the opportunity to taste it. Those who did not have that opportunity, unfortunately, never will, as the keg we had on was the only one we made and that particular rendition isn’t something we can ever recreate. We can’t even show you a picture, because we were too busy sharing and enjoying it for the very brief time it was on to take one and now we can’t. Because it’s gone.

Don’t fret if you missed The Guvnah, though; several more new and exciting Garden Path adventures lie ahead. Currently on draft, you’ll find:

  • the newly released 3rd edition of The Garden Paths Led To Flowered, dry-hopped with whole flower Pacific Northwest Cashmere and Willamette
  • the 2nd edition of The Curious Mix Methods, which blends beer from our first coolship batch–fermented both with and without the addition of our house yeast–with younger barrel and foudre aged beer. We also have this in bottles as of today!
  • another super limited, experimental keg that Matthew made, this time with an absurd amount of cherries that he’d foraged (we don’t know from where), which we’re calling “The Experimental Brew with Matthew’s Secret Cherries”
  • our newest release, Amber Dreams of Electric Sheep–a 6% ABV foudre-fermented, oak matured, malt-accented, native yeast amber ale, that underwent extended bottle & keg conditioning with local blackberry honey.

If that’s not enough to entice you to come our and see us, perhaps this will be. Today also marks the release four brand new Garden Path bottles:

  • The Curious Mix Methods. 2nd Edition – also newly released on draft (see above).
  • The Fruitful Barrel Tayberries & Cherries.
  • The Dry Table Mead. 3rd Edition – bone dry, light, modest strength mead made using local fireweed honey from The Valley’s Buzz, fermented in oak with native yeast. This edition, which fermented at cool ambient temperatures, offers a particularly full honey aroma, combined with an elegant, refreshing, effervescent finish.
  • The Little Horse Around. – oak-fermented, dry-hopped (PNW Santiam) 3.6% ABV table beer that includes a portion of older Brett-accented beer from one of our horizontal foudres. (Label art by Rochelle Fischer)

Finally, in addition to all of our own new releases, we’ve also added plenty of new wine, beer, and cider, both by the bottle and by the glass. For a full list, check out our Tasting Room and Bottle Shop Page.

Now on Tap: The Prime Barrel Age, One of Six New GPF Bottle Releases

On Saturday, December 15, we’ll be releasing six bottles, including a new beer! The Prime Barrel Age, our first 100% mature barrel blend, will be available both on tap and in bottles in our Tasting Room, along with five other new bottles–The Dry Hopped Streams Well, The Wet Hopped Ship, The Easygoing Drink, The Subtle Blend Raspberry Barrels, and The Subtle Blend Montmorency Barrels.  We set the official release for all six for Saturday, so as to give our packaging team enough time to get everything labeled, but thanks to the heroic effort they’ve put in over the last couple of days, we’ll have limited quantities of all six available beginning today.  When you come by to pick some up, be sure to thank Keyla and John for all their hard work.

Now, about the beer… The Prime Barrel Age is a blend of five barrels plus a little extra from one of our horizontal foudres (previously owned by American Solera).  The components were selected by Jason Hansen, our former Lead Fermentationist, and blended together on July 26, for packaging the following day.  As we do with all of our beers, we added a small amount of local blackberry honey from The Valley’s Buzz in Concrete, WA just prior to packaging, to provide our house culture of native Skagit Valley yeast a source of sugar to break down, causing natural carbonation to develop inside the bottle and keg.  In the case of The Prime Barrel Age, although the beer was fully carbonated and presenting nicely within a few weeks of packaging, we felt that it would benefit from additional aging. Rather than releasing it right away, we decided to hold onto it in our cellar, sampling it periodically, until we felt it had developed the complexity, nuance, and depth of character we were looking for.  The end result, while still restrained, balanced, and highly drinkable, is the most overtly oaky, tart, and barnyardy of any of our beers to date. 

The label for The Prime Barrel Age was designed and illustrated by our Operations Lead, Jacob Grisham, who also designed and illustrated the labels for for The Wet Hop Ship, The Easygoing Drink, The Subtle Blend Raspberry Barrels, The Subtle Blend Montmorency Barrels, and The Dry Table Mead.  Jacob also designed, laid out, and colored the label for The Dry Hopped Streams Well; however, in this case, the original artwork was provided by Scout Caldwell, our former Tasting Room Lead, who also created the illustrations for The Garden Paths Led To Flowered and The Curious Mix Methods, as well as the wall mural and most of the artwork in our Tasting Room.

We began pouring The Dry Hopped Streams Well on draught back in August, as our second beer and third product overall, following The Garden Paths Led To Flowered and The Dry Table Mead .  “Streams”, as we like to call it, was made from a light, hoppy, native yeast, foudre-fermented base, blended with roughly 14% mature, barrel-aged beer, dry-hopped with a generous dose of Pacific Northwest whole leaf Cascade and Sterling, and naturally conditioned with Skagit blackberry honey from The Valley’s Buzz.  Streams was designed as a Northwestern tribute to some of our favorite light, dry, hoppy Belgian ales, including those made by our friends Yvan De Baets and Bernard Leboucq at Brasserie De La Senne.

When it first debuted, the dry hops in The Dry Hops Streamed Well were, as its name suggests, definitely the star of the show.  As it’s matured, however, it has developed a more delicate and sophisticated balance, with the hops–while still firmly present–becoming more deeply integrated, and the character of our native Skagit Valley yeast beginning to show through somewhat more.

The bottle releases of The Subtle Blend Montmorency Barrels, The Wet Hopped Ship, and The Easygoing Drink follow their recent draft releases, as detailed in our previous blog post.

The Subtle Blend Raspberry Barrels was first released in late August.  Additional details about it can be found in our September blog post

It wasn’t necessarily our intent when we brewed these six beers to release all of the bottles at once, but when partnering with nature as we do and giving each product the time it needs, this was how the stars happened to align this week, and we couldn’t be more excited to send all of these products out into the world!

Garden Path Fermentation Updates All

It occurred to us that, while we’ve been posting regular updates on Facebook and Instagram (and somewhat less regular updates on Twitter), it’s been a while since we’ve updated out blog and quite a lot has happened since!

Back in early September, we announced the release of our first bottles, The Garden Paths Led To Flowered, as well as the debut of The Curious Mix Methods, The Subtle Blend Raspberry Barrels, The Fruitful Barrel Boysenberries, and our first batch of The Dry Table Strawberry Mead on draught.  (In retrospect, though we announced it in social media,  it appears we neglected to mention the earlier draught release of The Dry Hopped Streams Well anywhere in our blog).  In the weeks following our last post, we have since released The Curious Mix Methods and The Dry Table Mead in 750ml bottles, The Fruitful Barrel Boysenberries in 375ml bottles, a new batch of The Dry Table Strawberry Mead on draught and a multitude of new draught beers, including The Fruitful Barrel Tayberries & Cherries; a variety of single-keg experimental brews; The Easygoing Drink, a lightly tart almost-but-not-quite table beer; The Wet Hopped Ship, made with freshly picked whole flower Skagit Valley hops from Hop Skagit; and most recently, this past weekend, The Subtle Blend Montmorency Barrels.


The Subtle Blend Montmorency Barrels

Back in June, we put 72lb of whole, unpitted Montmorency cherries from a local farm in La Conner, WA into an oak puncheon with approximately 125 gallons of beer from select barrels that we felt would round out and complement the character of the fruit.  This is not a particularly high ratio as fruit refementations go, but our goal was to integrate the baking spice profile for which Montmorency is known into the already complex and flavorful barrel-aged beer in a way that would complement it without overpowering it, keeping the beer itself as the focal point of the blend.  After 10 days contact time, we racked the beer off the fruit and blended in additional barrel-aged beer, which we felt further rounded and balanced the character that the fruited portion has developed.  This blend, totaling a little over 200 gallons, was then primed with blackberry honey from The Valley’s Buzz and transferred to kegs and bottles for conditioning.

All of our products are packaged unfiltered, unpasteurized, and without force carbonation.  Rather than injecting CO2 prior to packaging, we instead add a small amount of local honey, which our yeast then ferments, resulting in a buildup of CO2 inside the bottle or keg. This process is far more time consuming than simply injecting CO2 into the finished beer.  Whereas force-carbonated beer is ready to drink as soon as it comes off the packaging line, natural conditioning through refermentation in the bottle or keg takes at least a few weeks and sometimes much longer, depending on how the process unfolds. When working with a native culture containing a diverse community of organisms rather than an isolated single-strain lab yeast, there’s also a risk that it may not unfold exactly as expected.  A given product may smell and taste great prior to packaging, but then develop unpleasant flavors or aromas during the conditioning process which can take weeks, months, or even years to work through. In in the worst case scenario, they may never go away, resulting in what had once been a beautiful product never seeing the light of day.  In the case of The Subtle Blend Montmorency Barrels, after a few weeks conditioning, we recognized a specific compound that had developed during conditioning and detracted from the balance and overall presentation that we’d hoped to achieve.  We knew from past experience that our house culture would eventually metabolize this compound given enough time, but unfortunately, we had no idea how much time that would require, so our only option was to set it aside and be patient.  Thee months later, our patience paid off; the offending compound was gone and as of this weekend, we were able to release the beer.

Meanwhile, in early September, our crew ventured about 5 miles south to help our friends Amy and Byron of Hop Skagit pick roughly 100 pounds of fresh whole flower Cascade and Comet hops, which we brought back to Garden Path. We placed them in our coolship, where they steeped overnight in hot wort as it slowly cooled to fermentation temperature.  In the morning, the wort was racked off the hops and added to the other half of the batch, which had already begun fermenting in an open foudre with our house culture of native Skagit Valley yeast.  After primary fermentation, the young beer was transferred from the oak foudre to stainless steel tanks for secondary fermentation.  Once secondary fermentation was complete, it was then sent to our blending tank, where we added a small portion of mature barrel-aged beer for complexity and balance, and dosed the blend with Skagit blackberry honey for natural conditioning in the keg and bottle.  The Wet Hopped Ship was packaged on September 28 and released on draught in our tasting room four weeks later.  A bottle release will follow soon.


Hop coolship

Blending, like natural conditioning, is an integral part of our process at Garden Path Fermentation.   In embracing nature as we do,  we’re not striving for perfect repeatability or consistency of presentation,  Instead, we look at every presentation of each of our products as a unique live performance that, by its nature, is fundamentally unrepeatable.  It’s our job, however, to ensure that every performance is one of which we can be proud, which we do through a process or curating, editing, and blending what we produce and by refusing to release anything that doesn’t ultimately make the cut.  When we brew a batch of beer, we’re not typically making what’s intended to be a finished product on its own; we’re making one of what may be several components in a blend.  For some blends, such as The Wet Hopped Ship, we’ll use fresh beer as the foundation, adding in some older beer for complexity and balance, while for others, we’ll start with a blend of older barrels as the base and possibly round out with a portion of younger beer. Rarely, does a single brew day or a single recipe translate directly to a single finished beer, with, as our name suggests, most of our fermentations following more of a garden path.  One exception, however, is The Easygoing Drink.


The Easygoing Drink

In mid August, we brewed a batch of low-gravity, lightly hopped wort at Chuckanut Brewery  using barley and wheat malt and unmalted wheat, rye, and oats, all purchased from Skagit Valley Malting, with a modest addition of Pacific Northwest crystal hops from Crosby Hop Farms in the kettle. After prepping, boiling and cooling the wort, we transported it a third of a mile up the road to our facility, where it was transferred to an open foudre for primary fermentation.  The following week, half the young beer was transferred to oak puncheons and the other half to a stainless steel tank for conditioning.  Just a couple of weeks later, we found that the beer in both the puncheons and the stainless tank had developed rather nicely, in a way that we also felt was highly complementary.  After testing a few potential blends involving older barrels, we decided that our favorite was actually a direct reintegration of the original components, so that was what we went with.  The Easygoing Drink was released on draught in our tasting room on October 10.  Bottles will follow.

The draught release of The Easygoing Drink was quickly followed that same weekend by our first pre-announced, on-site only bottle release–The Fruitful Barrel Boysenberries, which is still available in limited quantities in our tasting room, along with bottles of The Garden Path Led To Flowered, The Curious Mix Methods, and The Dry Table Mead.

Finally, for those who are able to make it out to our tasting room, we’ve also begun offering some of our one off, single keg experiments, for as long as they last.  We’re currently pouring an early test batch made using NZ-151 pale malt from Skagit Valley Malting as a base.  In addition to showcasing the distinctive malt character of the NZ-151, it also offers a good representation of the baking spice aromatics that were typical of our earlier fermentations, but that have since transitioned to more herbal and floral notes.  Whether this a seasonal change that we’ll see shift back as we progress further into winter or a permanent evolutionary shift in the microbial community that makes up our house culture remains to be seen.

This is a lot of information for one post! We’ll try to be better about more frequent detailed updates–there’s only so much you can say in a single Instagram post.

Garden Path Fermentation Releases First Bottles & Four New Draughts


It’s been an exciting week at Garden Path Fermentation, for a number of reasons. We’ve been brewing every week since April and packaging beer and mead every week since the end of June, but our process—primary open fermentation with native yeast followed by extended secondary fermentation in oak, and 100% natural conditioning in both bottles and kegs—takes time. We released our first draught beer, The Garden Paths Led to Flowered in mid-July. Draught releases of The Dry Hopped Streams Well and The Dry Table Mead followed a few weeks later.

But in the past week, we’ve been so pleased to introduce not only our very first bottles, but also three new draught beers, and a new draught mead. We’ve said that our products will tell us when they’re ready, and lately, they’ve quickly started telling us quite a lot!


As of last Friday, we finally have our first bottles in stock. The Garden Paths Led to Flowered is a 7.0% abv hoppy golden ale open-fermented in a foudre, blended with barrel-aged beer, and naturally conditioned with blackberry honey from The Valley’s Buzz. You may have had it on tap already, whether at Garden Path or at a handful of other accounts, but now you can actually take it home with you. We packaged about 700 bottles, which are now available in our tasting room for $14, currently with no bottle limits.

The label art for “Flowered”, as we like to call it, is by our own Scout Caldwell, whose art also decorates our tasting room walls, and who is doing well in Portland, but whom we miss dearly. The graphic design was also done in-house by our Operations Lead Jacob Grisham, who seems to have literally all the skills. The federal label approval was done by the Federal Alcohol and Tobacco Tax & Trade Bureau, affectionately known as the TTB.


The Curious Mix Methods

Our first new draught beer, The Curious Mix Methods, is a 6.9% abv blend of barrel-aged beer and stainless-fermented beer that was made using the same base that went into our first coolship batch in May and then inoculated with a portion of the coolship wort during primary fermentation, prior to blending and naturally conditioned with blackberry honey from The Valley’s Buzz.


Filling the coolship (May 1, 2018)

Our coolship is one of our favorite tools at Garden Path. It’s a repurposed shallow dairy tank from Wisconsin that we use for wort inoculation. On nights where the temperature is agreeable (generally a range from about 30 – 45 degrees), we fill the coolship with boiling wort and let it cool overnight. As the beer cools, natural organisms in the air, including native saccharomyces, will inoculate the wort and begin a long, slow fermentation, which—given enough time—can result in a complex, tart, funky beer. The great thing about Northwest Washington is that we have coolship weather at least 7 months a year, and as we move into fall, we plan to use it as much as we possibly can.

The Curious Mix Methods isn’t a spontaneous beer by any means, however—the portion of coolship wort in the beer was added to wort that had already been inoculated with our house native yeast culture, and later blended with several other beers also using the house culture. The result is an interesting balance of a complex, woody nose and a dry, easy to drink beer. It’s a great expression of our mission at Garden Path, to explore the softer side of mixed culture fermentation. There’s a lot going on in the beer, but it’s not hard to drink a pint (or four).

The beer was packaged on July 8, and we filled a dozen each of 20- and 30-liter kegs, and 915 750ml bottles. Bottles will be available as soon as we have labels!


The Subtle Blend Raspberry Barrels

Our second new beer, The Subtle Blend Raspberry Barrels (7.0%), is a blend of foudre-fermented beer refermented in upright puncheons with fresh organic raspberries from Viva Farms and a selection of barrel-aged beer from our first several batches, which we then naturally conditioned with blackberry honey from The Valley’s Buzz.

The blend for the raspberry base was a complex one, combining portions (some larger and some smaller) of six of the first eight batches brewed at Garden Path. If you’re curious, details of its composition can be found here. The raspberries were refermented in upright puncheons for approximately two weeks before the beer was taken off the fruit, blended, primed with The Valley’s Buzz blackberry honey, and packaged.

The raspberry character in this beer is meant to be relatively subtle, but inherently drinkable. It’s effervescent with a light tartness from the fruit, while also exhibiting the same dry complexity our native yeast lends all our products.

The Subtle Blend Raspberry Barrels was packaged on August 1, and we filled 41 total kegs and 1860 750ml bottles—which, again, will be ready soon.


The Fruitful Barrel Boysenberries

Our third beer, The Fruitful Barrel Boysenberries, is a 7.0% abv blend of mature barrel-aged beer refermented with fresh, whole Skagit Valley boysenberries in an oak puncheon, and naturally conditioned with blackberry honey from The Valley’s Buzz.

This one was fun. The Fruitful Barrel Boysenberries is a single-barrel fruit refermentation, with a base blend of beers from two separate batches. We added 146 pounds of local organic boysenberries into a 132 gallon puncheon, which is a pretty good amount of berries. Even though the base beers were relatively mature, we started to see a pretty active fermentation within 48 hours. And, trust us, active fruit barrel fermentations are awesome to clean up.


Boysenberry barrel–minor crisis

Once the initial fermentation had calmed down, we bunged the barrel and let it go. However, about a week later, heroes Matthew and Jacob noticed that the barrel head was…expanding. Un-bunging led to the image above. Thankfully, this happened on a Friday afternoon before the production team went home for the weekend. We’re pretty happy about not coming in to an exploded boysenberry barrel that Monday.

After two weeks on the berries, the beer was taken off the fruit, transferred to stainless steel, primed with Skagit blackberry honey, and packaged. We opted not to blend this barrel, because our team simply liked the way it tasted best on its own. Because of this, the packaging run is pretty small. Only five kegs and 876 375ml bottles were filled. However, knowing how much we like working with boysenberries, we’re planning to increase our batch size significantly next summer when the fruit is in season.

The Fruitful Barrel Boysenberries is quite fruit-forward, in appearance, nose, and palate, but it’s fermented completely dry, with an illusion of sweetness from the fruit and a clear fermentation character. You may not have many opportunities to try this one—but if you like boysenberries, you’ll probably be pretty fond of this beer.


The Dry Table Strawberry Mead

Finally, our newest (and most limited) draught offering is The Dry Table Strawberry Mead (6.5% abv). It’s a dry, light, modest strength mead fermented in oak with our native yeast and Skagit fireweed honey from The Valley’s Buzz and refermented with fresh early season Seascape strawberries from Viva Farms. Although the fruit character is pronounced, it’s still an extremely dry, drinkable mead with a final gravity of .998 (that’s less dense than water).

This was our first fruited mead test batch, and we literally made two kegs of it, packaged on July 20. One of those kegs went to a festival earlier this summer at B Nektar Meadery, and the other one is now on draught in our tasting room. It’s not going to last long, so if you’re curious, you have a very small window to try it. The good news, though, is that we packaged a second, slightly larger batch of strawberry mead yesterday, so if you don’t make it in time, you might not have to wait that long for the next incarnation. Though, of course, like everything we make, each batch will have its own distinct character and nuance.

We’re looking forward to releasing more exciting things in the very near future. Maybe not all at once, though. We’d rather that you come try them and not spend all your time reading excessively lengthy blog posts!

Floodland Tasting at Garden Path

Floodland.pngAdam Paysse has created something magical at Floodland Brewing in Seattle, a mixed culture, all oak-fermentation brewery working with locally sourced ingredients and embracing seasonal variations. Floodland beers are incredibly limited; if you’re not in the bottle club (and good luck joining the bottle club!), you may not have had the opportunity to try Adam’s beautiful creations.

Garden Path Fermentation is honored to host Adam and offer you the opportunity to taste some Floodland beers. On August 31, from 4pm – 8pm, we will be pouring six of Adam’s beers in our tasting room. Ticketholders will get a four ounce pour of each beer and the opportunity to chat with Adam (and Ron and Amber from Garden Path, who are pretty much always here anyway). Floodland glassware, which is as rare as the beers, will be available for purchase that evening, as will all of the other lovely things in the Garden Path tasting room.

While the event begins at 4pm, all ticketholders are guaranteed all six pours, so you are welcome to arrive at any time that evening. The tasting room will be open to the public from 12pm – 8pm on 8/31.

The Floodland beers we’ll be pouring are:

  • Arise & Cease (oat grisette)
  • Grails + Waysigns (wheat saison)
  • Roseate blend ii (blend of saison on second use fruit, botanicals, and citrus)
  • Raspberry Field Blend 2017
  • Drive Out the Spirits 2017 (blueberry)
  • The Vast Unknowable (saison with organic passionfruit)

Tickets are limited and are available as a presale only! Attendees must be over 21 years of age, and the name on the ticket must match the name of the attendee. Tickets are non-transferable and non-refundable.

Purchase tickets here.

The New Release the First

If you’ve been following our journey since the beginning, you’ll probably understand how exciting it is for us to announce that we’re now serving both house-made beer and house-made mead on draught in our tasting room, with bottles to follow soon!

Our first house-made beer, The Experimental Spund, was tapped on Wednesday, July 11. As its name implies, it was an experiment—one of many we’ve done—that we thought turned out really nicely, but of which we only had a single five-gallon keg. By Thursday afternoon, the Experimental Spund was gone.


The Garden Paths Led to Flowered

The following day, however, Friday, July 13, exactly three months after opening our tasting room for the first time, we served our first full production beer: The Garden Paths Led to Flowered. “Flowered” was made by blending a hoppy blonde ale, open fermented with our native Skagit yeast culture in one of our beautiful oak foudres, with barrel-aged beer, dry-hopping it with a blend of Pacific Northwest hops, and then naturally conditioning it with Skagit honey. This sounds complicated, but, to us, it’s a process that allows our yeast to flourish and develop subtle, balanced character over time.

Our native Skagit yeast is at the heart of our fermentation program and is or will be used not only to make beer, but also mead, cider, perry, wine, and possibly other fermented beverages, with our first experimental batch of mead, “The Dry Table Mead” also now available on draft in our tasting room—for as long as it lasts.


The Dry Table Mead

The Dry Table Mead was made using only fireweed honey purchased from The Valley’s Buzz in Concrete, WA and municipal water from the Judy reservoir, fermented in a single upright oak barrel with our house culture. The initial batch was roughly 200 liters (52.8 gallons). From that initial batch, four 30-liter (7.9 gallon) kegs were filled prior to the completion of fermentation, so that they would become naturally effervescent as a result of the final fermentation—the same technique winemakers use to make pétillant naturel or pét-nat wines. Of the remaining mead, about one-third was racked on top of 2.5 lb/gallon of fresh, local strawberries, and allowed to ferment to dryness, before being transferred to two 20-liter kegs, one of which we plan to serve in our taproom sometime soon and the other which we’ll be presenting next weekend with our friends from B. Nektar Meadery at Ferndalepalooza. The rest of the initial batch of The Dry Table Mead served as a starter for a second, larger batch, following the same recipe, which we will also bottle when it’s ready.


Packaging Flowered

In addition to The Garden Paths Led to Flowered, four other beers have been packaged thus far, with two more being packaged today. All will ultimately be sold in both bottles and on draught, but all are also exceedingly small runs, which will be sold primarily in our tasting room and at small number of off-site venues and events. As it stands, only Flowered and The Dry Table Mead are ready, but we anticipate that some of the others will follow fairly soon.

The yeast we use in all of our fermentations is the result of more than a year of curation and cultivation, and, staying true to our mission of locally sourcing all ingredients, it’s all native Skagit yeast. We began our yeast experiments by taking fresh wort (unfermented beer) and leaving it outside in the air to attract yeast. We also added flowers, berries, and other flora we foraged locally to other small mason jars of wort and allowed them to ferment. The most delicious and active cultures were combined, propped up, and naturally selected, largely by our former Lead Fermentationist Jason Hansen, to become a dynamic, saccharomyces (beer yeast) dominant culture that thrives on the ingredients we’re using and the climate we’re in. Many beers made with a mixed culture (not a single yeast strain) tend towards the tart and funky. Despite the multiple organisms active in our fermentations, however, our yeast expresses as estery, floral, and pretty quaffable—but elegant and complex.

Our beers start with wort we brew at Chuckanut Brewery South, our next-door neighbors, and transport back to our facility in stainless steel totes. Our first several batches underwent primary fermentation in these same totes, prior to being transferred to oak barrels, while the primary fermentation for subsequent batches has taken place in open-top oak foudres.


Wort transfer

Open fermentation is wonderful for yeast, especially a culture as diverse and dynamic as our native Skagit culture. Our yeast is very active, and fermentation takes off, sometimes very excitedly, within a few hours. Once we’re experiencing an active fermentation and the beer has reached high kräusen (in other words, it’s really foamy), we’ll leave the foudre open for 48 hours or so. In an open vessel, the yeast isn’t under pressure, can interact with oxygen, and can burn off some off-flavors/odors like sulfur. After the kräusen has diminished, we’ll put a lid on the foudre and allow the fermentation to finish in a closed vessel. At this point in time, all of our beers and meads begin with open fermentation in oak.


Open fermentation

Once the beer is fully attenuated (has little residual sugar left to ferment), we may transfer it to horizontal oak barrels of various sized and pedigrees for additional secondary fermentation and aging, we may use it to top off existing barrels, or we may move it back into stainless steel where, in most cases, we’ll also blend it with at least a small portion of older, barrel-aged beer. Very little of what we produce follows a direct, linear path from recipe to finished product, instead going through an extended regimen of fermentation, blending, aging, and more blending prior to packaging, even more aging, and, finally, release.

The beer that served as the base for The Garden Paths Led to Flowered was brewed using mostly Pilot malt, with some acidulated malt and raw wheat, all from our neighbors down the road at Skagit Valley Malting, with the addition of Willamette, Perle, and Mount Hood hops from the greater Pacific Northwest. In this particular case, half of the batch went into barrels, while the other half went into stainless for dry-hopping with Tettnang, Sterling, and Cascade hops. After about a week, that beer was then blended with 20 gallons of an earlier batch of open-fermented blonde ale that had spent more time in barrels, and then packaged.

All of our products at Garden Path are naturally conditioned, which means that all carbonation comes naturally from fermentation. Before packaging, we need to add a sugar source to restart the yeast. Many breweries that naturally condition their products will add commercial-grade dextrose; however, as Skagit County is lacking a dextrose farm, we are using local blackberry honey from The Valley’s Buzz as our primer. On packaging day, June 29, we blended the beer in a stainless tank, added honey, recirculated everything in the tank, and then bottled and kegged the beer, filling a total a total of 771 750ml bottles, and a dozen each 20- and 30-liter kegs. Natural conditioning takes some time, so the beer was first tapped in our tasting room a few weeks later. The bottles are also tasting great, and we’ll release them as soon as we have labels in house!

The Path Our Journey Takes Turns

“A garden path,” we once wrote, “is an indirect way to get from Point A to Point B. It’s the scenic route that, more likely than not, leads you somewhere unexpected.”  The path that brought us to Skagit Valley, to our present site, and to the point where we are now nearly ready to release our first beers, has done exactly that.  When we began our journey almost two years ago, it was just two of us: Amber and Ron, with a very raw vision of what we hoped to achieve.  As we progressed along our path, others joined us, helping us to expand and refine our vision and to navigate unanticipated obstacles.  The team that now comprises Garden Path Fermentation consists of nine incredibly talented individuals, with diverse backgrounds and perspectives and an incredibly broad range of talents, many of which we had no idea we needed when we started, but which we now find it nearly impossible to imagine ourselves without.  Each has been an integral part of what Garden Path Fermentation has become.

IMG_0400 3

Among these immensely talented and seemingly indispensable individuals is Jacob Grisham, who joined us back in January, first drawing on his prior experience as a general contractor to serve as project lead during our buildout, transforming an ultra-bland industrial space into a warm, welcoming tasting room and bottle shop that vastly exceeds anything we could have envisioned on our own.  Jacob’s contributions have continued well beyond buildout, however–not only building things and ensuring that all of our equipment continues to function, but also drawing on his cidermaking background to jump in on the production side, using his chef’s instincts to help with creative contributions, and serving as a major organizing force within our overall operation.  Now, as we transition to the next phase of our operation, we are delighted to announce that Jacob will be taking on an even greater role, serving as Garden Path Fermentation’s new Operations Lead, which means, essentially, that he’ll be responsible for ensuring that everything that needs to get done gets done and helping to come up with creative ways to improve on what we do.  We can’t wait to see what he’ll do in this capacity.

Also joining us back in January was Matthew Edwards.  Matthew came to us with extensive brewery experience, particularly on the production side (which we knew about), and a knack for woodworking and carpentry (which we did not).  Matthew put in countless hours during buildout, sanding and staining our shelves, tables, benches, counters, and bar and assisting with whatever else needed to be done.  Once production began, Matthew immediately stepped in in that area as well, helping to set schedules; source ingredients, equipment, and supplies; establish standard operating procedures; and generally oversee production.  Once we have an established farm of our own, Matthew’s long-term ambition is to shift his focus to the agricultural side of the operation, but in the meantime, his obvious experience and leadership on the production side makes him a natural fit to serve as Garden Path Fermentation’s Production Lead.

As Matthew and Jacob take on expanded roles, however, we’re sorry to say that another two key members of the Garden Path family, Lead Fermentationist Jason Hansen, and Beertender/Retail Wine Specialist Scout Caldwell will soon be leaving Skagit Valley to make their way to the more urban allure of Portland and, in so doing, leaving their current roles at Garden Path.  Rural life isn’t everyone’s cup of tea (or pint of beer), and we wish them the very best in their future endeavors.


Jason filling our very first puncheon

Jason and Scout joined our project early on, well before we had a site for the brewery, and their contributions over the past year and a half have been immense.  Jason has overseen our fermentation program up until this point, developing all of our recipes, overseeing our first blends, and creating fermentation and packaging SOPs.  Even before we had a location, however, he spent over a year developing our Skagitonian yeast culture: curating, cultivating, and continually propping up our small spontaneous and flora-based samples, choosing the most efficient and flavorful, combining them and keeping them alive, and, ultimately, creating the wonderful, active community of microorganisms that comprise the Garden Path house culture.  His imprint will be on our fermentations for as long as we’re brewing.

Scout’s imprint is also (literally) all over our tasting room.  The mural on the wall?  Scout’s.  All the art?  Scout’s.  All the plants?  All the decor?  The wine program?  Thank Scout for those.  She’s worked tirelessly to make our tasting room warm, homey, and welcoming, both in appearance and in practice.  Scout is also hard at work on the labels for our first packaged beers, which we can’t wait to tell you about.

Both Jason and Scout will continue to serve as off-site consultants and members of our advisory board but, unfortunately, as of this week, Jason will no longer be involved in onsite  day-to-day activity and Scout will be working her final tasting room shift this Saturday, July 14.  We will miss them.


Saul, mini-Saul

In addition to the transitions above, we’ve had some organizational changes on the Agricultural side of our operation, as well.  When Saul Phillips joined us as Lead Agriculturalist, our intent was to build our brewery/winery/cidery/meadery on an active farm.  Unfortunately, as you already know if you’ve been following our journey, several attempts to do this did not pan out and after some time had passed, we were a little concerned about whether we’d have enough to keep Saul busy until we found a farm to call our own.  We knew, though, that our friends at Skagit Valley Malting were looking for someone with a strong agriculture and bioscience background to oversee their quality assurance, so we made the appropriate introductions and suggested that perhaps Saul could step in on a temporary basis, while we continued to search for a suitable agricultural site.  Now, after having thrived in this role for over a year, Saul has become an integral part of the Skagit Valley Malting team, which also works out pretty well for us, given that Skagit Valley Malting supplies us with all of our brewing malt.  It does, however, mean that Saul’s time to assist more directly with our project is somewhat more limited than it was when he first signed on.  Though Saul will continue to serve as highly valued member of our team, including helping out occasionally behind the bar in our tasting room, the role of Lead Agriculturalist will no longer exist as such, with the responsibilities attached to it instead be shared among members of our Ag team, currently consisting of Saul, Matthew, and Jacob.


On the production and fermentation side, Sam Hutchens, who also joined our team in January, will soon return from his annual fishing trip to Alaska to help out Matthew, Jacob, and Co-Creator/Chief Ron Extract, who, in Jason’s absence, hopes to take on more of a hands-on role.

And in the tasting room, once Scout leaves us, front of house guru Cris Sanchez and Co-Creator/Chief Amber Watts may be putting in some extra hours to help make up for her absence, with a bit of help from Ron, Saul, and Matthew, but you may soon see a few new faces as well.  Of course, the appropriate introductions will follow when the time is right.

Expanded Tasting Room Hours

Garden Path Fermentation’s tasting room will be expanding its hours for summer! Beginning on Memorial Day, Monday, May 28, we will be open six days a week (Wednesday through Monday) from 12pm – 8pm, selling beer, wine, and cider to enjoy onsite or to take home. While our own products aren’t available yet—good beer takes time, and we’ll definitely let you know when it’s ready—we will continue to serve a wide, rotating selection of unique guest products.

If you haven’t been by to check us out yet, or if you’ve been jonesing for a glass of natural wine at 2pm on a Wednesday, we’ll be here for you.

Garden Path Fermentation Summer Hours:
Monday 12pm – 8pm
Wednesday 12pm – 8pm
Thursday 12pm – 8pm
Friday 12pm – 8pm
Saturday 12pm – 8pm
Sunday 12pm – 8pm